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Buy binoculars: how to choose the right one

Binoculars are available in different sizes, performance classes, and of course, prices.

But not every binocular is the right fit for your purposes.

Buying the first pair of binoculars appears to be confusing for beginners. That's why we provide some background information here to help you make the decision easier.


What is the intended use?

First of all, it is important to know for what purpose the binoculars are used.

A general distinction is made between heavy large binoculars and lightweight travel binoculars. Some manufacturers also offer intermediate sizes.

If you go on a hike on the coast or in the forest and want to observe animals, you should not choose a binocular that's too heavy.

In this case, travel binoculars would be the right fit.

Large binoculars are more suitable for static observations because of their weight and greater shaking. A tripod makes the observation more enjoyable without holding the heavy binoculars for a long time.


Understand the binoculars

What do the numbers on binoculars mean

As a beginner, you may wonder what does 10x50 mean in binoculars.

The first number refers to the magnification, while the second refers to the diameter of the objective lens.

10x magnification means the object appears 10 times as large as the naked eye. A 50mm large lens can collect more light than a small lens. The lens diameter is an important factor in image brightness.


Don't choose the maximum magnification that exceeds your need

When you look through binoculars, you want to see everything as big as possible.

It makes you feel like standing right in front of the animal or another object that you are looking at.

However, the higher the magnification value, the more restless the image becomes.

A zoom binocular 10-30 x 60 can produce a magnification of 10 to 30 times. Certainly a great effect but it's impossible to look at the picture without wobbling. You might need a tripod for a more static image.

The difference between 8x and 10x magnification is not that big. They are easier to handle compared to those with 20x more magnification.


What is field of view on binoculars

It describes the distance from the left to the right edge at 1000m.

If binoculars have a field of view of 101m/1000m, the user will see a 101 meters wide field of view at a distance of 1000m.

If the field of view is given in degrees, you can multiply by 17.45. A field of view of 5.79 degrees is equal to 101 meters.

You also need to take magnification into account.

The higher the magnification, the smaller the field of view. Both 8x and 15x binoculars can have an apparent field of view of 65 degrees, but this results in completely different field of view, namely from 142m and 76m.


What is twilight factor

Twilight factor indicates the ability of binoculars to recognize details under low light conditions.

For 10x50 binoculars, twilight factor is the root of 10x50. That is, the root of 500 = 22.3

But it doesn't make much sense to compare the value of different binoculars.

For example, a 9x63 binocular and a 25x30 telescope have almost the same twilight factor of 25. Nevertheless, this telescope cannot be used at night because it only uses 1.2 diameters of the eye pupil. The eye pupil of a night glass should be at least 7mm in diameter.

It is therefore recommended to only use the exit pupil as a guide when assessing the suitability for twilight.


Buy binoculars for low light condition : exit pupil

10x50 binoculars have an exit pupil of 5mm.

50 mm / 10 = 5 mm exit pupil

So for the 10x25 binoculars, the exit pupil is 2.5 mm.

Exit pupil matters when it comes to when you want to use the binoculars. How bright is it at that time?

If you use binoculars during the day, for example, when hiking, then you don't need a binocular with an exit pupil of 5mm or more.

Because the pupil in your eyes is just 2-3 mm diameter when it's bright.


How far can binoculars see

If you are 50 meters from an object and you are using 10x binoculars, the object will appear as if you were 6 meters away.

Binoculars can zoom in on anything you want. However, the recognizable details vary among binoculars of different magnification.

Therefore, it is impossible to give a general answer to the question: "How far can you see with binoculars".